The long-term impact of the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor trandolapril on mortality and hospital admissions in patients with left ventricular dysfunction after a myocardial infarction: follow-up to 12 years
AIMS: To investigate the long-term benefits of treatment with angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)-inhibitors in patients with myocardial infarction (MI) and left ventricular dysfunction (LVD). METHODS AND RESULTS: In the trandolapril cardiac evaluation (TRACE) study, 1749 patients with LVD (ejection fraction< or =35%) were randomized to trandolapril (n=876) or placebo (n=873) 3-7 days post-MI. Enrolment lasted from 1990 to 1994; on-treatment follow-up ranged from 2 to 4 years. At study closure, all patients were recommended continued ACE-inhibitor use. National registries were used to track deaths and hospitalizations until 2002. Mortality was analysed with Cox proportional hazard models and hospitalization with Poisson regression models (models adjusted for observation time). Over 10-12 years of follow-up, a total of 1283 deaths and 9220 hospitalizations were registered. Compared with the placebo group, the trandolapril group had a significantly reduced risk of all-cause mortality (relative risk 0.89, 95% CI 0.80-0.99, P=0.03), all-cause hospitalizations (rate ratio 0.92, 95% CI 0.88-0.96, P<0.001), and cardiovascular hospitalizations (rate ratio 0.95, 95% CI 0.91-1.00, P=0.047), including congestive heart failure hospitalizations (rate ratio 0.85, 95% CI 0.77-0.93, P<0.001). CONCLUSION: In patients with LVD, use of trandolapril shortly after an MI for 2-4 years has long-term benefits. The beneficial effect on mortality and hospitalization rates is maintained for at least 10-12 years.
European Heart Journal, 2004, Vol 26, Issue 2, p. 145-52