Community-oriented social capital strategies and punitive-oriented policing approaches conflict. Establishing local networking initiatives with community-oriented policing at the centre lends itself to an assets-based policing approach, based on honouring, mobilizing and extending the assets of community members. Scholars argue about the need for comparative research on convergences and divergencies across sub-cultures on the streets and communities. Based on qualitative data gathered from working class communities in Scotland and Denmark in 2014, the article draws inspiration from community-generated theory of social capital to explore the micro-sociology of experiences and understandings about community-police integration policy initiatives. We use this perspective to argue that the building of positive inter-generational and police-community relationships is the result of social exchanges and officers' use of what we call 'constructive investment strategies'. Ironically, our insights from Scotland and Denmark also suggest what appear as positive achievements of community policing may instead intensify residents' negative perceptions of police officers and organisations. In this way, the article illuminates the tangled and conflicted nature of these embedded symbolic interactions, social capital formations and the latter's form as a potential positional and 'tribal' commodity.
Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention, 2018
Asserts; Communities; Denmark; Policing; Social capital; Scotland