Background: Snow stated in 1959 a modern conflict between classical hermeneutic humanism and natural science which recently has been renewed by Kensei Hiwaki . However, the last decade has brought a breakthrough in the study of the neural base of mental processes by neuroimaging which may open new approaches to solve the problem. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to explore the possibility to bridge the gap between hermeneutic and positivistic understanding in a post-industrial world with new challenges as multidisciplinary collaboration and healthy living. Method: Case study of the application of neuroimaging findings to guide multidisciplinary collaboration in a randomized controlled trial on integrated home care for stroke patients. This approach may be termed double-objectivism. Results: 1. In classical neurology CNS is a dual system of ANS and Cortex. The new neuroeconomic understanding is that of a reciprocal balance of interacting Limbic System (L(x)) and Neocortex (NC). This favours integrated homecare as relaxation of LS at home (BP declines 5 mmHg) in itself improves cognitive integration to the benefit of rehabilitation i.e. reduced risk of ‘death or disability’ for stroke patients. Further, this healing principle explains classical relaxation procedures as yoga and meditation as coping techniques. 2. Mental balance between L(x) and NC is not a continued but a discrete variable of general risk attitude differentiating 4 sub-groups corresponding to the classical tempers which is basal knowledge for collaborative self-management. 3. Values of an integrative logic are derived as patience to both positivist prediction and client-centered implementation. Conclusion: Modern neuroimaging presents a positivistic guidance towards modern values of multidisciplinary collaboration and healthy living. Further, such positivistic guidance may be accepted across cultural and socieconomic differences.
Personal and Spiritual Development in the World of Cultural Diversity, 2012
Neuroeconomics, integrated care, teambuilding, stress, rehabilitation