This study aimed to investigate the effects of music therapy treatment applied to the non declarative memory development in the Fetal Alcohol Syndrome children (FAS). A before and after experiment was conducted which included 10 individuals with FAS aged between 6 to 17, each received 13 treatment sessions, with weekly intervals, individually and 45min sessions. The evaluations were executed by the WISC III and the IMTAP scales measuring the IQ responses and the cognitive abilities before and after the music therapy interventions. A random assessor measured the before and after results of the interventions using the WISC-III and the IMTAP scales scores.The WISC-III scales calculated average before treatment was 70.9 and standard deviation 2.67 (CI 95% 65.65 a 76.15 p= 0.000) the IMTAP average was 73.90 and standard deviation 1.90 (CI 95% 70.17 a 77.63 p=0.000) the post period intervention average for the WISC-III scale was 78.60 and standard deviation 2.41 (CI 95% 74.40 a 82.80 p=0.000) and for the IMTAP was 85.70 and standard deviation 2.52 (CI 95% 80.75 a 90.65 p=0.000). This study verifies that intervention with music therapy presents positive effects for this population, even in short term treatment with relation to the cognitive skills development. The results observed in the investigation of the music therapy effects applied to the non declarative memory development of children Fetal Alcohol Syndrome is inconclusive. Therefore, for future investigations larger samples, group control, and longer treatment time is recommended. This modification can improve observation accuracy of treatment effects in these populations.
British Journal of Music Therapy, 2017
music therapy; children; cognition; fetal alcohol syndrome