Governance analysis has exploded in recent years, and it has become nearly impossible to tell what difference the concept and practice of governance makes from those of government and state. In addition governance analysis has been placed more and more in the shadow of the new institutionalisms and, most of all, of neoliberalism as the new way of the world. It has become part of the 'institutional brickolage' undertaken by strong strategic actors to acquire control over each other and to 'nudge' laypeople to make the right choices in order to make them functional for boosting competition and growth. However, interactive governance is not a property or effect of institutions; nor does it apply solely to those individuals who seek success above everything else. It is connective more than individualistic or collectivistic in nature; and it manifests a governability capacity which is conditioning institutional emergence and the formation of subjects.
Critical Reflections on Interactive Governance, 2016, p. 66-92