Through case studies in China, Mexico and Denmark, this paper identifies challenges posed to production companies by a lack of vocational skills and vocational education. The study includes manual, complex and automated production procedures. The paper highlights how both China and Denmark have focused on theoretical rather than vocational education for more than a decade. Based on a combination of a literature review and field studies of cases, including studies of mass production and unmanned and automated production, a framework of skills related to process tasks is developed. The paper concludes that much more focus on the development of vocational education and vocational skills is needed in Denmark, the U.K, the U.S. and in China for employees to be equipped to handle future automated and advanced production systems.
Proceedings of the Eleventh International Symposium on Global Manufacturing and China, 2015
Vocational education; Vocational skills; Advanced production; Framework; case study; Case study
Main Research Area:
The Eleventh International Symposium on Global Manufacturing and China, 2015
University of Cambridge, Institute of Manufacturing