The prospects of Electric Vehicles (EVs) in providing clean transportation and supporting renewable electricity is widely discussed in sustainable energy forums worldwide. The battery storage of EVs could be used to address the variability and unpredictability of electricity produced from renewable energy sources like wind in power systems. The EV batteries could be used to charge during periods of excess electricity production from wind power and reduce the charging rate or discharge on deficit of power in the grid, supporting system stability and reliability. By providing such grid services, the vehicle owner, vehicle fleet operator and other parties involved in the process could economically benefit from the process. This paper investigates an optimal EV charging plan in Danish residential distribution grids in view of supporting high volumes of wind power in electricity grids. The results of the analysis show that the charging of the EVs could ensure effective demand response in the local grids, within the existing grid capabilities and random charging patterns of EVs.
Proceedings of the Ieee Power & Energy Society General Meeting, Pes 2015, 2015, p. 1-5
Charging plan; Electric vehicles; Electricity market; Residential grids; Wind power
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IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting, PES 2015