BACKGROUND: There are few epidemiologic data about the risk of acute pancreatitis in chronic inflammatory bowel diseases; we therefore wanted to estimate the risk of a first episode of acute pancreatitis in patients with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis in the total Danish population. METHODS: The study included all patients discharged from Danish hospitals with a diagnosis of Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis registered in the Danish National Registry of Patients in the period from 1977 to 1992. The first episode of acute pancreatitis was identified in the cohort. The observed number of patients with acute pancreatitis was compared with expected numbers on the basis of age, sex, and calendar-specific incidence rates in the general population. RESULTS: Overall, 15,526 patients were discharged and followed up for 112,824 person-years. The standardized incidence ratio (SIR) for acute pancreatitis was increased both in patients with Crohn's disease (SIR = 4.3; 95% confidence interval (CI), 2.9-6.1) and in those with ulcerative colitis (SIR= 2.1; 95% CI, 1.6-2.8). CONCLUSION: Patients with chronic inflammatory bowel disease seem to be at increased risk of acute pancreatitis. Further validation and refinement of this registration-based study are needed.
Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology, 1999, Vol 34, Issue 2, p. 199-201