This paper presents a new topology of higher order power filter for grid-tied voltage-source inverters, named the LLCL filter, which inserts a small inductor in the branch loop of the capacitor in the traditional LCL filter to compose a series resonant circuit at the switching frequency. Particularly, it can attenuate the switching-frequency current ripple components much better than an LCL filter, leading to a decrease in the total inductance and volume. Furthermore, by decreasing the inductance of a grid-side inductor, it raises the characteristic resonance frequency, which is beneficial to the inverter system control. The parameter design criteria of the proposed LLCL filter is also introduced. The comparative analysis and discussions regarding the traditional LCL filter and the proposed LLCL filter have been presented and evaluated through experiment on a 1.8-kW-single-phase grid-tied inverter prototype.
I E E E Transactions on Power Electronics, 2012, Vol 27, Issue 2, p. 782-789