Parkinsonian pyramidal syndrome, also named pallido-pyramidal syndrome (PKPS), is the combination of early-onset progressive Parkinsonism with pyramidal tract signs. FBXO7, an F-box protein, is a component of modular E3 ubiquitin protein ligases called SCFs (SKP1, cullin, F-box proteins), which functions in phosphorylation-dependent ubiquitination. FBXO7 mutations cause autosomal recessive, early-onset PKPS. Here we report the molecular cloning and characterization of two isoforms of FBXO7 cDNA from pigs. The encoded FBXO7 protein displays a very high homology to human FBXO7 with an amino acid identity of 90%. Phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that porcine FBXO7 is closely related to other mammalian FBXO7 proteins. Furthermore, the genomic structure of the porcine FBXO7 gene was determined. The intron–exon structure is similar to that of the human FBXO7 gene. The promoter sequence for the porcine FBXO7 gene was also identified. A recognition site for miR-301a was found in the 3′UTR region of porcine FBXO7. Investigating the genetic variation in the porcine FBXO7 gene revealed a missense A/G SNP in exon 5. The A/G SNP results in a substitution of an asparagine to a serine residue (N269S). Using a radiation hybrid map the FBXO7 gene was mapped to pig chromosome 5. Real-time quantitative RT-PCR analysis revealed that FBXO7 mRNA is differentially expressed in many tissues and organs, and that FBXO7 transcript can be detected early in embryo development.
Molecular Biology Reports, 2012, Vol 39, Issue 2, p. 1517-1526