The electrical energy consumption continues to grow and more applications will be based on electricity in the next decades. We can expect that more 60 % of all energy consumption will be converted and used as electricity. It is a demand that production, distribution and use of electrical energy are done as efficient as possible. Further, emerging climate changes argues to find future solutions which also are sustainable. Two major technologies will play important roles to solve parts of those future problems. One is the change the electrical power production from conventional, fossil (and short term) based energy sources to renewable energy sources. Another is to use high efficient power electronics in power generation, power transmission/distribution and end-user application. This paper discuss trends of the most emerging renewable energy sources, wind energy and photovoltaics, which by means of power electronics are changing the future electrical infrastructure but also contributes steadily more to non-carbon based electricity production. Most focus is on the power electronics technologies used. In the case of photovoltaics transformer-less systems are discussed as they have the potential to obtain the highest efficiencies. It is concluded the both wind power and photovoltaic technologies are steadily more cost effective as well as contribute rapidly to the total installed electrical power.
Proceedings of Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference (epe/pemc), 2010 14th International, 2010
Main Research Area:
14th International Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference, EPE-PEMC 2010