TIMP-1 is a promising new candidate as a prognostic marker in colorectal and breast cancer. We now describe the discovery of two alternatively spliced variants of TIMP-1 mRNA. The two variants lacking exon 2 (del-2) and 5 (del-5), respectively, were identified in human cancer cell lines by RT-PCR. The del-2 variant was, furthermore, detected in extracts from 12 colorectal cancer tissue samples. By western blotting additional bands of lower molecular mass than full-length TIMP-1 were identified in tumor tissue, but not in plasma samples obtained from cancer patients. The two splice variants of TIMP-1 may hold important clinical information, and either alone or in combination with measurement of full-length TIMP-1 they may improve the prognostic and/or predictive value of TIMP-1 analyses.
Molecular Oncology, 2007, Vol 1, Issue 2, p. 205-215
TIMP-1; splice variants; colon cancer; cancer cell lines