Nielsen, K.T.3; Spanggaard, H.4; Krebs, Frederik C5
1 Risø National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, Technical University of Denmark2 Solar Energy Programme, Risø National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, Technical University of Denmark3 Department of Chemistry, Technical University of Denmark4 Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark5 Department of Energy Conversion and Storage, Technical University of Denmark
Zinc-porphyrin dye molecules were incorporated into the backbone of a conjugated polymer material by a method, which allowed for the incorporation of only one zinc-porphyrin dye molecule into the backbone of each conjugated polymer molecule. The electronic properties of the homopolymer were established using ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS) for the determination of the electronic energy levels and the injection barrier for holes into the valence band. Pulse radiolysis time resolved microwave conductivity (PR-TRMC) was used to determine the sum of charge carrier mobilities. Electroluminescent devices of the homopolymer itself and of the zinc-porphyrin containing polymer were prepared and the nature of the electroluminescence was characterized. The homopolymer segments were found to optically pump the emission of the zinc-porphyrin dye moities. The homopolymer exhibits blue-green emission and the zinc-porphyrin linked homopolymers emit near-infrared/infrared light. This was demonstrated to be due to electroluminescence pumping of the zinc-porphyrin moieties that were covalently linked to homopolymer material. When only one zinc-porphyrin dye was incorporated into the backbone of each homopolymer molecule complete suppression of homopolymer electroluminescence was observed with exclusive near-infrared emission. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.