The incorporation of polymer photovoltaics into textiles was demonstrated following two different strategies. Simple incorporation of a polyethyleneterphthalate (PET) substrate carrying the polymer photovoltaic device prepared by a doctor blade technique necessitated the use of the photovoltaic device as a structural element. The total area of the device on PET was typically much smaller than the active area due to the decorative design of the aluminium electrode. Elaborate integration of the photovoltaic device into the textile material involved the lamination of a polyethylene (PE) film onto a suitably transparent textile material that was used as substrate. Plasma treatment of the PE-surface allowed the application of a PEDOT electrode that exhibited good adherence. Screen printing of a designed pattern of poly 1,4(2-methoxy-5-(2-ethylhexyloxy))phenylenevinylene (MEH-PPV) from chlorobenzene Solution and final evaporation of an aluminium electrode completed the device. The total area of the textile device was 1000 cm(2) (25 cm x 40 cm) while the active area (190 cm(2)) was considerably smaller due to the decorative choice of the active material. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 2006, Vol 90, Issue 7-8, p. 1058-1067