The calibration procedures needed for use of dispersive Raman spectrometers have been reviewed. Like other high-precision spectrometers incorporating moving gratings, Raman spectrometers are subject to problems with wavenumber scale accuracy. Commercially available Raman Spectrometers of types "DILOR-HORIBA LabRam" and "RENISHAW System 1000" have been examined for wavenumber scale stability, linearity and reproducibility. For reliable use of the wavenumber data, daily calibration is a necessity. A procedure to examine the linearity of such mechanical drive systems is presented. A new finding was that the examined spectrometers give wavenumber calibration errors that were quite reproducible from day to day at a given temperature in the laboratory but depended markedly on the selected setting of the gratings. Knowledge of this linearity problem is essential for obtaining a reliable calibration. The most correct calibration was obtained by the use of certain “golden” settings of the sinus drive at a constant temperature of the laboratory. In this way, the examined spectrometers could be used with better precision, without daily calibration, provided the temperature of the room was constant or corrected for. A procedure for correction of these errors by the software is suggested.
Applied Spectroscopy Reviews, 2006, Vol 41, Issue 2, p. 165-183