1 Risø National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, Technical University of Denmark2 Department of Manufacturing Engineering, Technical University of Denmark3 Department of Management Engineering, Technical University of Denmark4 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark
The long term oxidation behaviour of TP 347H FG at ultra supercritical steam conditions was assessed by exposing the steel in test superheater loops in a Danish coal-fired power plant. The steamside oxide layer was investigated with scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive Xray diffraction in order to reveal the effect of oxidation time and temperature on the microstructure. A double layered oxide formed during steam oxidation. The morphology of the inner Cr-containing layer was influenced by the oxidation temperature. At temperatures below 585 degrees C, it consisted of regions of Fe-Ni-Cr spinel surrounded by Fe-Cr oxide. At higher temperatures almost the entire inner oxide layer was composed of Fe - Cr oxide. Possible mechanisms for the oxide growth are discussed and it is suggested that faster Cr transport within the alloy at higher temperatures explains the change in morphology. The thickness of the inner oxide layer appeared to be independent of oxidation time and temperature for exposes less than 30 000 h; however, after 57 554 h, the thickness had increased significantly at the lowest temperatures.
Materials at High Temperatures, 2005, Vol 22, Issue 3-4, p. 263-267
Energiteknologier på vej; long term steam oxidation; TP 347H FG; power plants