1 Risø National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, Technical University of Denmark2 Materials Research Division, Risø National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, Technical University of Denmark3 Department of Energy Conversion and Storage, Technical University of Denmark4 Department of Management Engineering, Technical University of Denmark5 Department of Photonics Engineering, Technical University of Denmark
Films of yuria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) on a polished silicon substrate of diameter up to 125 mm have been produced in a large-area pulsed laser deposition (PLD) setup under typical PLD conditions. The film thickness over the full film area has been determined by energy-dispersive Xray spectrometry in a scanning electron microscope (SEM) with use of a method similar to one described by Bishop and Poole. The attenuation of the electron-induced X-rays from the Si wafer by the film was monitored at a number of points along a diameter and the thickness was determined by Monte Carlo simulations of the attenuation for various values of film thickness with the program CASINO. These results have been compared with direct measurements in the SEM of the film thickness on a cross-section on one of the wafers. The results of these measurements demonstrate the ability of this technique to accurately determine the thickness of a large film, i.e. up to diameters of 125 mm, in a relatively short time, without destroying the substrate, without the need of a standard sample and without the need of a flat substrate. We have also demonstrated that by controlling the deposition parameters large-area YSZ films with uniform thickness can be produced. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Applied Surface Science, 2006, Vol 252, Issue 13, p. 4882-4885
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European Materials Research society 2005 - Symposium-J: Advances in Laser and Lamp Processing of Functional Materials - EMRS 2005 Symposium J