Stack tests were run at 850 °C for periods from 80 hours to 1,150 hours to develop contacting procedures and at the same time evaluate the performance of a 5 μm electroplated nickel coating on a ferritic Fe22Cr interconnect. The metallic nickel coating reacted relatively quickly during the initial heating to 1,030 °C. During this time, 20–70 μm thick surface layers of austenitic steel were formed, which were covered by a 1–4 μm chromia layer on the anode side and by a layer of mixed Cr-Fe-Ni-spinels over a 1–4 μm chromia layer on the cathode side. The microstructure and composition of the protective scale on the cathode side was susceptible to pitting-type corrosion patterns, which may limit the life expectancy to less than 2,000 hours for the 200 μm thick interconnect tested. The initial area-specific resistances (ASR) at the interconnect/cathode current collector interface and the interconnect/anode current collector interface were very low (2 and 10 mΩ cm2, respectively). The cathode side interface resistance increased over the 1,150 hours by ∼7 mΩ cm2/103�h, but the anode side interface resistance decreased during the first 600 hours of the experiment before it started to show a slight increase, < 1 mΩ cm2/103�h, maintaining values below 1 mΩ cm2.
Fuel Cells, 2006, Vol 6, Issue 2, p. 100-106
Brændselsceller og brint; Degradation; Diffusion; Interconnect; Interface; SOFC