A theoretical analysis of the impact of clear-air tropospheric scintillation on a radio occultation link between two low Earth orbit satellites in K- and Ku-bands is presented, with particular reference to differential approaches for the measure of the total content of water vapor. The troposphere is described as a spherically symmetric turbulent medium satisfying Kolmogorov theory. Rytov's first iteration solution for weak fluctuations is used to derive an expression for the variance of amplitude fluctuations of the wave as well as their spectrum and the correlation between fluctuations at different frequencies. The validity of the assumptions made and the influence of atmospheric parameters on the quantities of interest are also investigated and discussed. Finally, numerical results are presented to provide an estimate of the level of scintillation-induced disturbances.
I E E E Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 2006, Vol 44, Issue 8, p. 2063-2071
random media; radio occultation; scintillation; microwave propagation; low Earth orbit (LEO); satellite communication; lEO-LEO link