Under the influence of electric pulses cells undergo membrane electroporation (EP), which results in increased permeability of the membrane to exogenous compounds. EP is applied in oncology as a method to enhance delivery of anticancer drugs. For that reason it was essential to combine photodynamic tumor therapy (PDT)--the cancer treatment method based on the use of photosensitizers that localize selectively in malignant tumors and become cytotoxic when exposed to light, and EP, with the aim to enhance the delivery of photosensitizers into the tumor and therefore to increase the efficacy of PDT. Thus, the aim of study was to evaluate the cytotoxic effect of PDT in combination with EP. A Chinese hamster lung fibroblast cell line (DC-3F) was used. The cells were affected by photosensitizers chlorin e(6) (C e(6)) at the dose of 10 mug/ml and aluminium phthalocyanine tetrasulfonate (AlPcS4) at the dose of 50 microg/ml. Immediately after adding of photosensitizers the cells were electroporated with 8 electric pulses at 1200 V/cm intensity, 0.1 ms duration, 1 Hz frequency. Then, after 20 min of incubation the cells were irradiated using a light source--a visible light passing through a filter (KC 14, emitted light from 660 nm). The fluence rate at the level of the cells was 3 mW/m(2). Cytotoxic effect on cells viability was evaluated using MTT assay. Our in vitro data showed that the cytotoxicity of PDT in combination with EP increases fourfold on the average. Based on the results we suggest that EP could enhance the effect of PDT.
Bioelectrochemistry, 2007, Vol 70, Issue 1, p. 78-82