Determination of velocity vector angles using the directional cross-correlation method - Danish National Research Database-Den Danske Forskningsdatabase

^{1} Center for Fast Ultrasound Imaging, Center, Technical University of Denmark^{2} Electronics & Signal Processing, Department of Electrical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark^{3} Department of Electrical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark

DOI:

10.1109/ULTSYM.2005.1603101

Abstract:

A method for determining both velocity magnitude and angle in any direction is suggested. The method uses focusing along the velocity direction and cross-correlation for finding the correct velocity magnitude. The angle is found from beamforming directional signals in a number of directions and then select the angle with the highest normalized correlation between directional signals. The approach is investigated using Field II simulations and data from the experimental ultrasound scanner RASMUS and with a parabolic flow having a peak velocity of 0.3 m/s. A 7 MHz linear array transducer is used with a normal transmission of a focused ultrasound field. The velocity profile estimates from simulations have relative mean standard deviations between 0 . 7% and 7 . 7% for flow between 45 ◦ and 90 ◦ . The angle estimation performance is highly dependent on the choice of the time k tprf · T prf ( correlation-time ) between signals to correlate, and a proper choice varies with flow angle and flow velocity. One performance example is given with a fixed value of k tprf for all flow angles. The angle estimation on measured data for flow at 60 ◦ to 90 ◦ , yields a probability of valid estimates between 68% and 98% and with standard deviations between 1 ◦ and 4 ◦ . The optimal value of k tprf for each flow angle is found from a parameter study to reveal the potential of the method and with these values the performance on simulated data yields angle estimates with no outlier estimates and with standard deviations below 2º