# Fast evaluation of polynomials over binary finite fields and application to side-channel countermeasures

- Authors:
- DOI:
- 10.1007/s13389-015-0099-9
- Abstract:
- We describe a new technique for evaluating polynomials over binary finite fields. This is useful in the context of anti-DPA countermeasures when an S-box is expressed as a polynomial over a binary finite field. For n-bit S-boxes, our new technique has heuristic complexity O(2n/2/√n) instead of O(2n/2) proven complexity for the Parity-Split method. We also prove a lower bound of Ω(2n/2/√n) on the complexity of any method to evaluate n-bit S-boxes; this shows that our method is asymptotically optimal. Here, complexity refers to the number of non-linear multiplications required to evaluate the polynomial corresponding to an S-box. In practice, we can evaluate any 8-bit S-box in 10 non-linear multiplications instead of 16 in the Roy–Vivek paper from CHES 2013, and the DES S-boxes in 4 non-linear multiplications instead of 7. We also evaluate any 4-bit S-box in 2 non-linear multiplications instead of 3. Hence our method achieves optimal complexity for the PRESENT S-box
- Type:
- Journal article
- Language:
- English
- Published in:
- Journal of Cryptographic Engineering, 2015, Vol 5, Issue 2, p. 73-83
- Main Research Area:
- Science/technology
- Publication Status:
- Published
- Review type:
- Peer Review
- Submission year:
- 2015
- Scientific Level:
- Scientific
- ID:
- 275071469