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1 The Faculty of Engineering and Science (ENG), Aalborg University, VBN 2 Department of Civil Engineering, The Faculty of Engineering and Science, Aalborg University, VBN 3 Division of Water and Environment, The Faculty of Engineering and Science, Aalborg University, VBN 4 Institut for Agroøkologi - Jordfysik og Hydropedologi 5 Aarhus University 6 unknown 7 Institut for Agroøkologi - Jordfysik og Jordressourcer 8 Aarhus University
© 2015 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. Preferential flowand transport throughmacropores affect plant water use efficiency and enhance leaching of agrochemicals and the transport of colloids, thereby increasing the risk for contamination of groundwater resources. The effects of soil compaction, expressed in terms of bulk density (BD), and organic carbon (OC) content on preferential flow and transport were investigated using 150 undisturbed soil cores sampled from 15 15-mgrids on two field sites. Both fields had loamy textures, but one site had significantly higher OC content. Leaching experiments were conducted in each core by applying a constant irrigation rate of 10mmh-1 with a pulse application of tritium tracer. Five percent tritium mass arrival times and apparent dispersivities were derived from each of the tracer breakthrough curves and correlated with texture, OC content, and BD to assess the spatial distribution of preferential flow and transport across the investigated fields. Soils fromboth fields showed strong positive correlations between BD and preferential flow. Interestingly, the relationships between BD and tracer transport characteristics were markedly different for the two fields, although the relationship between BD and macroporosity was nearly identical. The difference was likely caused by the higher contents of fines and OC at one of the fields leading to stronger aggregation, smaller matrix permeability, and a more pronounced pipe-like pore system with wellaligned macropores.
Soil Science, 2015, Vol 180, Issue 1, p. 10-20
Preferential flow; Chemical transport; Hydraulic conductivity; Bulk density; Organic carbon; Macropores; preferential flow; chemical transport; hydraulic conductivity; macropores; bulk density; organic carbon
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