Woodruff, J. B.2; Wueseke, O.2; Viscardi, V.2; Mahamid, J.2; Ochoa, S. D.2; Bunkenborg, J.3; Widlund, P. O.2; Pozniakovsky, A.2; Zanin, E.2; Bahmanyar, S.2; Zinke, A.2; Hong, S. H.2; Decker, M.2; Baumeister, W.2; Andersen, J. S.3; Oegema, K.2; Hyman, A. A.2
1 Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Science, SDU2 unknown3 Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Science, SDU
The centrosome organizes microtubule arrays within animal cells and comprises two centrioles surrounded by an amorphous protein mass called the pericentriolar material (PCM). Despite the importance of centrosomes as microtubule-organizing centers, the mechanism and regulation of PCM assembly are not well understood. In Caenorhabditis elegans, PCM assembly requires the coiled-coil protein SPD-5. We found that recombinant SPD-5 could polymerize to form micrometer-sized porous networks in vitro. Network assembly was accelerated by two conserved regulators that control PCM assembly in vivo, Polo-like kinase-1 and SPD-2/Cep192. Only the assembled SPD-5 networks, and not unassembled SPD-5 protein, functioned as a scaffold for other PCM proteins. Thus, PCM size and binding capacity emerge from the regulated polymerization of one coiled-coil protein to form a porous network.
Science, 2015, Vol 348, Issue 6236, p. 808-812
Animals; Caenorhabditis elegans; Caenorhabditis elegans Proteins; Cell Cycle Proteins; Centrosome; Metabolic Networks and Pathways; Phosphorylation; Polymerization; Protein Binding; Protein Structure, Tertiary; Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases; Proto-Oncogene Proteins