Sørensen, Thomas Just5; Thyrhaug, Erling6; Szabelski, Mariusz7; Luchowski, Rafal4; Gryczynski, Ignacy7; Gryczynski, Zygmunt7; Laursen, Bo Wegge5
1 Administration, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Københavns Universitet2 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Københavns Universitet3 University of North Texas4 Maria Curie-Sklodowska University in Lublin5 Administration, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Københavns Universitet6 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Københavns Universitet7 University of North Texas
a long fluorescence lifetime fluorophore for large biomolecule binding assay
Of the many optical bioassays available, sensing by fluorescence anisotropy have great advantages as it provides a sensitive, instrumentally simple, ratiometric method of detection. However, it is hampered by a severe limitation as the emission lifetime of the label needs to be comparable to the correlation lifetime (tumbling time) of the biomolecule which is labelled. For proteins of moderate size this is in the order of 20-200 ns, which due to practical issues currently limits the choice of labels to the dansyl-type dyes and certain aromatics dyes. These have the significant drawback of UV/blue absorption and emission as well as an often significant solvent sensitivity. Here, we report the synthesis and characterization of a new fluorescent label for high molecular weight biomolecules assay based on the azadioxatriangulenium motif. The NHS ester of the long fluorescence lifetime, red emitting fluorophore: azadioxatriangulenium (ADOTA-NHS) was conjugated to anti-rabbit Immunoglobulin G (antiIgG). The long fluorescence lifetime was exploited to determine the correlation time of the high molecular weight antibody and its complex with rabbit Immuniglobulin G (IgG) with steady-state fluorescence anisotropy and time-resolved methods: solution phase immuno-assay was performed following either steady-state or time-resolved fluorescence anisotropy. By performing a variable temperature experiment it was determined that the binding of the ligand resulted in an increase in correlation time by more than 75 %, and a change in the steady-state anisotropy increase of 18%. The results show that the triangulenium class of dyes can be used in anisotropy assay for detecting binding events involving biomolecules of far larger size than what is possible with the other red emitting organic dyes.
Methods and Applications in Fluorescence, 2013, Vol 1, Issue 2