The European Space Agency's CryoSat-2 satellite can operate in a novel synthetic aperture radar interferometric (SARIn) mode where its nominal footprint (swath) is observed by two antennas and the phase difference between the signals is used to determination the exact location of the scatterer through an off-nadir correction. The potential of SARIn for sea level determination is investigated over the fjords of Eastern Greenland. In principle the satellite should only track sea level within its nominal footprint of 7km across track, but we observe that scattering targets (fjords) within twice its nominal footprint are frequently observed but mislocated in CryoSat-2 due to phase wrapping. We devised a way to relocate the observations and correct the range accordingly. When CryoSat-2 is flying inland we consequently observed that the satellite occasionally provide valid sea level in fjords up to 13km away in the across-track direction.
Geophysical Research Letters, 2015, Vol 42, Issue 6, p. 1841-1847
Altimetry; SAR interferometry; Interferometry; Satellites; Space-based radar; Synthetic aperture radar; Coastal sea level; European Space Agency; Interferometric SAR; Phase difference; Phase wrapping; Track direction; Sea level