1 Department of Clinical Medicine, Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Københavns Universitet2 unknown3 Department of Clinical Medicine, Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Københavns Universitet
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Obesity is associated with an increased prevalence of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Mid-urethral polypropylene sling is considered the surgical gold standard for treatment of SUI. We reviewed the current literature on efficacy at 1 year (or more) and perioperative safety of synthetic mid-urethral sling procedures for SUI in obese women. METHODS: A systematic search of PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane databases was performed using the MeSH terms "Stress urinary incontinence", "Overweight", "Obesity" and "Surgery". We included 13 full-text papers published from January 1995 to May 2014. We defined two groups of women: non-obese (BMI below 30 kg/m(2)) and obese (BMI above 30 kg/m(2)). Data regarding subjective and objective cure and selected perioperative complications were pooled and compared. RESULTS: The pooled data from the 13 studies showed that 76.4% and 74.7% of non-obese and obese women, respectively, were subjectively cured (p = 0.70), and 83.3% and 79.2%, respectively, were objectively cured (p = 0.56). Bladder perforation was more frequently reported in non-obese women (p < 0.01). We did not detect a significant difference in postoperative urine retention or sling excision between the two groups (p = 0.36 and p = 0.17, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Cure rates were found to be comparable in obese and non-obese women. Perioperative complications were not reported to occur more often in obese women. The outcomes of sling procedures for SUI appear to be comparable in obese and non-obese women, and counselling of obese women regarding outcomes and perioperative complications can be similar.
Journal review article
International Urogynecology Journal, 2015, Vol 26, Issue 5, p. 641-648