1 Section of Systems Biology Research, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Københavns Universitet2 unknown3 Section of Systems Biology Research, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Københavns Universitet
PURPOSE: Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) regulates cardiovascular function and plays an important role in muscle biology. We have previously reported that cycling exercise increased plasma S1P. Here, we investigated the effect of exercise duration and intensity on plasma and skeletal muscle S1P levels. METHODS: In the first experiment, 13 male athletes performed a 60-min exercise at 65 % of VO2max and a graded exercise until exhaustion on a rowing ergometer. Samples of the venous blood were taken, and plasma, erythrocytes and platelets were isolated. In the second experiment, ten male moderately active subjects performed three consecutive periods of one-leg knee extension exercise (at 25, 55 and 85 % of the maximal workload). Muscle biopsies and blood samples from the radial artery and femoral veins were taken. RESULTS: Under basal conditions, S1P was released from the leg, as its concentration was lower in the arterial than in the venous plasma (p < 0.01). Exercise until exhaustion increased plasma S1P and sphinganine-1-phosphate (SA1P) concentration (p < 0.05), whereas moderate-intensity exercise elevated only SA1P (p < 0.001). Although knee extension increased muscle S1P content (p < 0.05), it was not released but taken up across the leg during exercise. However, sphingosine was released from both working and resting leg at the highest workload (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Plasma S1P concentration is elevated only by high-intensity exercise which results, at least in part, from increased availability of sphingosine released by skeletal muscle. In addition, exercise markedly affects S1P dynamics across the leg. We speculate that S1P may play an important role in adaptation of skeletal muscle to exercise.
European Journal of Applied Physiology, 2015, Vol 115, Issue 5, p. 993-1003