OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prognostic significance of dividing epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) in type I and type II tumors based on pathologic variables. METHODS: We used the Danish Gynecologic Cancer Database to identify all patients diagnosed with EOC from 2005 to 2012. Information on histologic type and grade were used to classify tumors as either type I or type II. Death, and several prognostic factors were used in the multivariate Cox regression, and Landmark analysis was used to estimate hazard ratios of all-cause mortality. RESULTS: Among 2660 patients diagnosed with EOC, 735 were categorized as type I tumors, and 1925 as type II tumors. Patients with type II EOC were more frequently diagnosed in late FIGO stages (stages III-IV) than patients with type I EOC (78.1% vs. 32.1% respectively; P<0.001). Time dependent multivariate Cox analysis, adjusted for known prognostic variables, showed no significant difference in survival within the first two years after diagnosis, however, after 730days of follow-up a significantly increased overall survival for type I tumors was observed (hazard ratio 1.72, 95% confidence interval: 1.28-2.31, P<0.001). Similarly the Landmark analysis for survival confirmed the increased overall survival for type I tumors after two years of follow-up (hazard ratio: 1.85, 95% confidence interval: 1.35-2.54, P<0.001). CONCLUSION: Classification of EOC in type I and type II tumors based on pathologic variables was associated with an increased risk of death for type II tumors after two years of follow-up, while no increased risk was seen during the first two years of follow-up.
Gynecologic Oncology, 2015, Vol 136, Issue 2, p. 205-11