IMPORTANCE: The clinical features of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) subtype of ocular adnexal lymphoma have not previously been evaluated in a large cohort to our knowledge. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical features of ocular adnexal DLBCL (OA-DLBCL). DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This retrospective international cooperative study involved 6 eye cancer centers. During 30 years, 106 patients with OA-DLBCL were identified, and 6 were excluded from the study. The median follow-up period was 52 months. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: Overall survival, disease-specific survival (DSS), and progression-free survival were the primary end points. RESULTS: One hundred patients with OA-DLBCL were included in the study (median age, 70 years), of whom 54 (54.0%) were female. The following 3 groups of patients with lymphoma could be identified: primary OA-DLBCL (57.0%), OA-DLBCL and concurrent systemic lymphoma (29.0%), and ocular adnexal lymphoma relapse of previous systemic lymphoma (14.0%). Of 57 patients with primary OA-DLBCL, 53 (93.0%) had Ann Arbor stage IE disease, and 4 (7.0%) had Ann Arbor stage IIE disease. According to the TNM staging system, 43 of 57 (75.4%) had T2 tumors. Among all patients, the most frequent treatments were external beam radiation therapy with or without surgery (31.0%) and rituximab-cyclophosphamide, hydroxydaunorubicin, vincristine sulfate, prednisone (CHOP) or rituximab-CHOP-like chemotherapy with or without external beam radiation therapy (21.0%). The 5-year overall survival among the entire cohort was 36.0% (median, 3.5 years; 95% CI, 2.5-4.5 years). Relapse occurred in 43.9% (25 of 57) of patients with primary OA-DLBCL. Increasing T category of the TNM staging system was predictive of DSS (P = .04) in primary OA-DLBCL, whereas the Ann Arbor staging system was not. However, when taking all 100 patients into account, Ann Arbor stage was able to predict DSS (P = .01). Women had a longer median DSS than men (9.8 years; 95% CI, 1.9-17.7 years vs 3.3 years; 95% CI, 1.6-5.0; P = .03). CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: Most patients with primary OA-DLBCL were seen with Ann Arbor stage IE and TNM T2 disease. The 5-year overall survival was between 2.5 and 4.5 years, which is the 95% CI around the median of 3.5 years in this cohort. Increasing T category appears to be associated with decreased DSS among patients with primary OA-DLBCL. When taking all patients into account, sex and Ann Arbor stage also seem to be DSS predictors.
J a M a Ophthalmology, 2015, Vol 133, Issue 2, p. 165-73
Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Biopsy; Child; Child, Preschool; Combined Modality Therapy; Diagnosis, Differential; Disease-Free Survival; Eye Neoplasms; Female; Follow-Up Studies; Global Health; Humans; Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse; Male; Middle Aged; Neoplasm Staging; Prognosis; Retrospective Studies; Survival Rate; Young Adult