AIMS: Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist studies have revealed clinically significant reductions in systolic blood pressure (SBP). The aim was to investigate the time course of the anti-hypertensive effect of liraglutide treatment and potential underlying mechanisms. METHODS: We used an open-label, single-centre trial; 31 participants with Type 2 diabetes and hypertension completed the study. All participants were treated with liraglutide escalated to a maximum dose of 1.8 mg/day for 7 weeks, followed by a 21-day washout period. The primary outcome was a change in 24-h SBP. RESULTS: Twenty-four-h SBP increased by 10 mmHg on day 3 (P = 0.008) and 7 mmHg on day 7 (P = 0.033, 0.6 mg/day). On day 29, (1.8 mg/day), 24-h SBP was 7 mmHg lower compared with baseline (P = 0.11). Following the treatment period (day 49) and after washout (day 70), 24-h BP was equivalent to baseline. In addition, extracellular volume (ECV) was reduced by 2.0 l [95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.0-3.1 l, P < 0.001] and midregional-pro-atrial natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP) was reduced by 20% (95% CI = 12-28%, P < 0.001). Also, urinary albumin excretion declined by 30% (95% CI = 12-44%, P = 0.003), GFR by 11 ml/min/1.73 m(2) (95% CI = 7.2-14.4 ml/min/1.73 m(2) , P < 0.001) and fractional albumin excretion by 29% (95% CI = 3-48%, P = 0.032). CONCLUSIONS: Liraglutide treatment was associated with an initial increase in 24-h SBP, followed by a 7 mmHg reduction after escalation to 1.8 mg/day. This effect subsided after 4 weeks of maximum dose. Reductions in ECV and MR-proANP may explain the anti-hypertensive potential. Liraglutide treatment was associated with reversible reductions in albuminuria and GFR, which has to be confirmed in randomized trials.
Diabetic Medicine, 2015, Vol 32, Issue 3, p. 343-52
Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't