1 Mixed Conductors, Department of Energy Conversion and Storage, Technical University of Denmark2 Department of Energy Conversion and Storage, Technical University of Denmark3 Colorado Fuel Cell Center4 Colorado School of Mines5 Risø National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, Technical University of Denmark6 Colorado School of Mines
The electrical properties and hydrogen permeation flux behavior of the all-ceramic protonic/electronic conductor composite BaCe0.2Zr0.7Y0.1O3-δ/Sr0.95Ti0.9Nb0.1O3-δ (BCZY27/STN95: BS27) are evaluated. Conductivity and hydrogen permeability are examined as a function of phase volume ratios. Total conductivities of 0.01-0.06 S cm-1 are obtained in moist (+1% H2O) H2/inert gas from 600-800 °C for 50 volume% STN95. With increasing STN95 content (60 and 70 volume%), conductivity increases by 5-10 times, but displays a semiconductor-type dependence, even at 70 volume% STN95. The conductivity is modeled with an effective medium approach incorporating a term for the heterojunctions between the two phases. Hydrogen fluxes of 0.004-0.008 μmol cm-2 s-1 are obtained for a 50 volume% STN95 membrane sample (1 mm thickness) at 600-800 °C using dry argon as a sweep gas. Upon adding palladium layers as catalysts more than a five-fold increase is observed in the hydrogen flux, 0.025-0.026 μmol cm-2 s-1, over the same temperature range. Hydrogen flux is not observed for membranes made from the 60 and 70% STN95 samples.
Journal of Materials Chemistry a, 2015, Vol 3, Issue 10, p. 5392-5401