1 Department of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science, Technical University of Denmark2 Embedded Systems Engineering, Department of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science, Technical University of Denmark3 Department of Informatics and Mathematical Modeling, Technical University of Denmark4 Copenhagen Center for Health Technology, Center, Technical University of Denmark5 TTTech Computertechnik AG
Many safety-critical real-time applications are implemented using distributed architectures, composed of heterogeneous processing elements interconnected in a network. Our focus in this paper is on the TTEthernet protocol, a deterministic, synchronized and congestion-free network protocol based on the Ethernet standard and compliant with the ARINC 664 Specification Part 7. TTEthernet is highly suitable for safety-critical real-time applications since it offers separation for messages using the concept of virtual links and supports three time-criticality classes: Time-Triggered (TT), Rate-Constrained (RC) and Best-Effort. In this paper we are interested in the design optimization of TTEthernet networks used to transmit real-time application messages. Given the set of TT and RC messages, and the topology of the network, our approach optimizes the packing of messages in frames, the assignment of frames to virtual links, the routing of virtual links and the TT static schedules, such that all frames are schedulable and the worst-case end-to-end delay of the RC messages is minimized. We propose a Tabu Search-based metaheuristic for this optimization problem. The proposed algorithm has been evaluated using several benchmarks.