Litvinov, Ivan V2; Cordeiro, Brendan2; Fredholm, Simon Mayland3; Ødum, Niels3; Zargham, Hanieh2; Huang, Yuanshen2; Zhou, Youwen2; Pehr, Kevin2; Kupper, Thomas S2; Woetmann, Anders2; Sasseville, Denis2
1 Department of Immunology and Microbiology, Department of Immunology and Microbiology, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Københavns Universitet2 unknown3 Department of Immunology and Microbiology, Department of Immunology and Microbiology, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Københavns Universitet
Deregulation of STAT signaling has been implicated in the pathogenesis for a variety of cancers, including CTCL. Recent reports indicate that loss of STAT4 expression is an important prognostic marker for CTCL progression and is associated with the acquisition of T helper 2 cell phenotype by malignant cells. However, little is known about the molecular mechanism behind the downregulation of STAT4 in this cancer. In the current work we test the expression of STAT4 and STAT6 via RT-PCR and/or Western Blot in CTCL lesional skin samples and in immortalized patient-derived cell lines. In these malignant cell lines we correlate the expression of STAT4 and STAT6 with the T helper (Th) phenotype markers and test the effect of Histone Deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors and siRNA-mediated knock down of miR-155 on STAT4 expression. Our findings demonstrate that STAT4 expression correlates with Th1 phenotype, while STAT6 is associated with the Th2 phenotype. Our results further document that STAT4 and STAT6 genes are inversely regulated in CTCL. Treatment with HDAC inhibitors upregulates STAT4 expression, while at the same time decreases STAT6 expression in MyLa cells. Also, siRNA-mediated knock down of miR-155 leads to upregulation in STAT4 expression in MyLa cells. In summary, our results suggest that loss of STAT4 expression and associated switch to Th2 phenotype during Mycosis Fungoides progression may be driven via aberrant histone acetylation and/or upregulation of oncogenic miR-155 microRNA.