Effect of early supervised progressive resistance training compared to unsupervised home-based exercise after fast-track total hip replacement applied to patients with preoperative functional limitations. A single-blinded randomised controlled trial
OBJECTIVE: To examine if 2 weekly sessions of supervised progressive resistance training (PRT) in combination with 5 weekly sessions of unsupervised home-based exercise is more effective than 7 weekly sessions of unsupervised home-based exercise in improving leg-extension power of the operated leg 10 weeks after total hip replacement (THR) in patients with lower pre-operative function. METHOD: A total of 73 patients scheduled for THR were randomised (1:1) to intervention group (IG, home based exercise 5 days/week and PRT 2 days/week) or control group (CG, home based exercise 7 days/week). The primary endpoint was change in leg extension power at 10 week follow up. Secondary outcomes were isometric hip muscle strength, sit-to-stand test, stair climb test, 20 m walking speed and patient-reported outcome (HOOS). RESULTS: Sixty-two completed the trial (85%). Leg extension power increased from baseline to the 10 week follow up in both groups; mean [95% CI] IG: 0.29 [0.13; 0.45] and CG: 0.26 [0.10; 0.42] W/kg, with no between-group difference (primary outcome) (P = 0.79). Maximal walking speed (P = 0.008) and stair climb performance (P = 0.04) improved more in the IG compared to CG, no other between-group differences existed. CONCLUSIONS: In this trial, supervised PRT twice a week in addition to 5 weekly sessions of unsupervised exercise for 10 weeks was not superior to 7 weekly sessions of unsupervised home-based exercise for 10 weeks in improving the primary outcome, leg-extension power of the operated leg, at the primary endpoint 10 weeks after surgery in THR patients with lower pre-operative function. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT01214954.
Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, 2014, Vol 22, Issue 12, p. 2051-2058