Nyborg, Kathinka Marie5; Kolte, Astrid Marie5; Larsen, Elisabeth Clare5; Christiansen, Ole Bjarne6
1 The Faculty of Medicine, Aalborg University, VBN2 Aalborg University Hospital, The Faculty of Medicine, Aalborg University, VBN3 Klinik Kvinde-Barn og Urinvejskirurgi, The Faculty of Medicine, Aalborg University, VBN4 Gynækologi, Graviditet og Fødsel (Gynækologi og Obstetrik), The Faculty of Medicine, Aalborg University, VBN5 Recurrent Pregnancy Loss Unit, Fertility Clinic 4071, University Hospital Copenhagen, Rigshospitalet, København, Denmark.6 Department of Clinical Medicine, The Faculty of Medicine, Aalborg University, VBN
OBJECTIVE: To assess outcome in terms of live-birth rate after fresh or frozen IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection assisted reproductive technology (ART) cycles where immunomodulation was given to patients with recurrent pregnancy loss after prior ART treatments. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary care university hospital. PATIENT(S): Fifty-two patients with a history of at least three consecutive pregnancy losses after ART who underwent at least one further ART cycle with concurrent immunomodulation in 2003-2012. INTERVENTION(S): Immunomodulation with IV immunoglobulin and prednisone starting from before ET and continuing in the first trimester if pregnancy was established. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Live-birth rate per ET and cumulative live-birth rate after up to five ETs. RESULT(S): Nineteen patients (36.5%) achieved a live birth after the first ET with immunomodulation, and a total of 32 patients achieved a live birth in the study period, resulting in a cumulative live-birth rate of 61.5%. There was no significant difference in baseline and immunological parameters between the patients achieving a live birth or not. The live-birth rate after the first immunomodulated ART cycle in our patients is higher than that reported in a previous study. CONCLUSION(S): Immunomodulation with a combination of IV immunoglobulin and prednisone is a promising treatment for recurrent pregnancy loss after ART, but randomized placebo-controlled trials are needed.
Fertility and Sterility, 2014, Vol 102, Issue 6, p. 1650-1655