1 Psykiatrisk Center København, Mental Health Services, The Capital Region of Denmark2 Neuropsykiatrisk laboratorium, Psykiatrisk Center København, Mental Health Services, The Capital Region of Denmark3 School of Optometry, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.4 School of Optometry, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.5 Behavioral Science Foundation, Basseterre, St. Kitts, West Indies; Departments of Psychiatry and Human Genetics, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.6 School of Optometry, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
Full-field electroretinography is an objective measure of retinal function, serving as an important diagnostic clinical tool in ophthalmology for evaluating the integrity of the retina. Given the similarity between the anatomy and physiology of the human and Green Monkey eyes, this species has increasingly become a favorable non-human primate model for assessing ocular defects in humans. To test this model, we obtained full-field electroretinographic recordings (ERG) and normal values for standard responses required by the International Society for Clinical Electrophysiology of Vision (ISCEV). Photopic and scotopic ERG recordings were obtained by full-field stimulation over a range of 6 log units of intensity in dark-adapted or light-adapted eyes of adult Green Monkeys (Chlorocebus sabaeus). Intensity, duration, and interval of light stimuli were varied separately. Reproducible values of amplitude and latency were obtained for the a- and b-waves, under well-controlled adaptation and stimulus conditions; the i-wave was also easily identifiable and separated from the a-b-wave complex in the photopic ERG. The recordings obtained in the healthy Green Monkey matched very well with those in humans and other non-human primate species (Macaca mulatta and Macaca fascicularis). These results validate the Green Monkey as an excellent non-human primate model, with potential to serve for testing retinal function following various manipulations such as visual deprivation or drug evaluation.