Gil-Cacho, Jose M.5; van Waterschoot, Toon5; Moonen, Marc5; Jensen, Søren Holdt1
1 Department of Electronic Systems, The Faculty of Engineering and Science, Aalborg University, VBN2 The Faculty of Engineering and Science, Aalborg University, VBN3 Signal and Information Processing, The Faculty of Engineering and Science, Aalborg University, VBN4 KU Leuven5 KU Leuven
In this paper, we propose a new framework to tackle the double-talk (DT) problem in acoustic echo cancellation (AEC). It is based on a frequency-domain adaptive filter (FDAF) implementation of the so-called prediction error method adaptive filtering using row operations (PEM-AFROW) leading to the FDAF-PEM-AFROW algorithm. We show that FDAF-PEM-AFROW is by construction related to the best linear unbiased estimate (BLUE) of the echo path. We depart from this framework to show an improvement in performance with respect to other adaptive filters minimizing the BLUE criterion, namely the PEM-AFROW and the FDAF-NLMS with near-end signal normalization. One of the contributions is to propose the instantaneous pseudo-correlation (IPC) measure between the near-end signal and the loudspeaker signal. The IPC measure serves as an indication of the effect of a DT situation occurring during adaptation. We motivate the choice of FDAF-PEM-AFROW over PEM-AFROW and FDAF-NLMS with near-end signal normalization, based on performance, computational complexity and related IPC measure values. Moreover, we use the FDAF-PEM-AFROW framework to improve several state-of-the-art variable step-size (VSS) and variable regularization (VR) algorithms. The FDAF-PEM-AFROW versions significantly outperform the original versions in every simulation. In terms of computational complexity, the FDAF-PEM-AFROW versions are themselves about two orders of magnitude cheaper than the original versions.
I E E E Transactions on Audio, Speech and Language Processing, 2014, Vol 22, Issue 12, p. 2074-2086