1 Section III. Copenhagen Center for Glycomics, Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Københavns Universitet2 Glycomics Program, Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Københavns Universitet3 Section III. Copenhagen Center for Glycomics, Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Københavns Universitet
BACKGROUND: Global analyses of proteins and their modifications by mass spectrometry are essential tools in cell biology and biomedical research. Analyses of glycoproteins represent particular challenges and we are only at the beginnings of the glycoproteomic era. Some of the challenges have been overcome with N-glycoproteins and proteome-wide analysis of N-glycosylation sites is accomplishable today but only by sacrificing information of structures at individual glycosites. More recently advances in analysis of O-glycoproteins have been made and proteome-wide analysis of O-glycosylation sites is becoming available as well. SCOPE OF REVIEW: Here we discuss the challenges of analysis of O-glycans and new O-glycoproteomics strategies focusing on O-GalNAc and O-Man glycoproteomes. MAJOR CONCLUSIONS: A variety of strategies are now available for proteome-wide analysis of O-glycosylation sites enabling functional studies. However, further developments are still needed for complete analysis of glycan structures at individual sites for both N- and O-glycoproteomics strategies. GENERAL SIGNIFICANCE: The advances in O-glycoproteomics have led to identification of new biological functions of O-glycosylation and a new understanding of the importance of where O-glycans are positioned on proteins.
B B a - Reviews on Cancer, 2015, Vol 1850, Issue 1, p. 33-42