Breinholst, Sonja3; Esbjørn, Barbara Hoff3; Reinholdt-Dunne, Marie Louise4
1 Institut for Psykologi, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, Københavns Universitet2 Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, Københavns Universitet3 Institut for Psykologi, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, Københavns Universitet4 Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, Københavns Universitet
A mediational study
A few studies have examined the relative contribution of insecure attachment and negative parental rearing behaviors on childhood anxiety, but none have examined if insecure attachment mediates the association between negative parental rearing behavior and anxiety. The present study investigated the direct, as well as the indirect, relation between attachment to parents, parental rearing behaviors and anxiety symptoms in a sample of 1134 normal developing children and adolescent. Attachment relation was measured by the Security Scale (SEC), negative parental rearing behavior was measured by the Rearing Behavior Questionnaire (RBQ), and anxiety was assessed using the Screen for Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders-Revised (SCARED-R). We found, in accordance with previous research, that insecure attachment, maternal rejection and overprotection, each accounted for a significant proportion of the variance of anxiety symptoms. Another result was that insecure attachment was found to mediate the relationship between maternal psychological control and rejection, and anxiety symptoms. Findings are discussed with respect to future directions.
Personality and Individual Differences, 2015, Vol 81, p. 155-161