AIMS: Low prevalence of detectable cardiac troponin in healthy people and low-risk patients previously curtailed its use. With a new high-sensitive cardiac troponin assay (hs-cTnT), concentrations below conventional detection may have prognostic value, notably in combination with N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP). METHODS AND RESULTS: Biomarker concentrations were determined from serum obtained at enrolment in the CLARICOR trial involving 4197 patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) followed for 2.6 years. Serum hs-cTnT was detectable (above 3 ng/l) in 78% and above the conventional 99th percentile (13.5 ng/l) in 23%. Across all levels of hs-cTnT there was a graded increase in the risk of cardiovascular death after adjustment for known prognostic indicators: hazard ratio (HR) per unit increase in the natural logarithm of the hs-cTnT level, 1.49; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.23-1.81; similarly for all-cause mortality (HR 1.48, 95% CI 1.29-1.70) and myocardial infarction (HR 1.37, 95% CI 1.13-1.67). Increasing values of hs-cTnT were associated with increased mortality across all values of NT-pro-BNP, but this was particularly prominent when NT-pro-BNP >400 ng/l. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with stable CAD, any detectable hs-cTnT level is significantly associated with all-cause mortality, cardiovascular death, and myocardial infarction after adjustment for traditional risk factors and NT-pro-BNP. Excess mortality is particularly pronounced in patients with NT-pro-BNP >400 ng/l.
European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, 2014, Vol 21, Issue 10, p. 1275-1284
Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't