1 Department of Clinical Medicine - Department of Medicine and Nephrology C, Department of Clinical Medicine, Health, Aarhus University2 Transplant Institute, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, University of Göteborg, Göteborg, Sweden.3 Nefrologisk Afdeling, Rigshospitalet4 unknown5 Department of Clinical Medicine - Department of Medicine and Nephrology C, Department of Clinical Medicine, Health, Aarhus University
results from a randomized trial in kidney transplantation
In a 36-month, open-label, multicenter trial, 202 kidney transplant recipients were randomized at week 7 post-transplant to convert to everolimus or remain on cyclosporine: 182 were analyzed to month 36 (92 everolimus, 90 controls). Mean (SD) change in measured GFR (mGFR) from randomization to month 36 was 1.3 (14.0) ml/min with everolimus versus -1.7 (15.4) ml/min in controls (P = 0.210). In patients who remained on treatment, mean mGFR improved from randomization to month 36 by 7.9 (11.5) ml/min with everolimus (n = 37) but decreased by 1.4 (14.7) ml/min in controls (n = 62) (P = 0.001). During months 12-36, death-censored graft survival was 100%, patient survival was 98.9% and 96.7% in the everolimus and control groups, respectively, and 13.0% and 11.1% of everolimus and control patients, respectively, experienced mild biopsy-proven acute rejection (BPAR). Protocol biopsies in a limited number of on-treatment patients showed similar interstitial fibrosis progression. Donor-specific antibodies were present at month 36 in 6.3% (2/32) and 18.0% (9/50) of on-treatment everolimus and control patients with available data (P = 0.281). During months 12-36, adverse events were comparable, but discontinuation was more frequent with everolimus (33.7% vs. 10.0%). Conversion from cyclosporine to everolimus at 7 weeks post-transplant was associated with a significant benefit in renal function at 3 years when everolimus was continued.
Transplant International, 2015, Vol 28, Issue 1, p. 42-51