Energy is fundamental to modern society. Increase in the oil price as well as environmental concerns have spurred the use of alternative renewable energy sources. In the Faroe Islands the readily available wind energy is an obvious source for space heating. Seasonal correlation exists between wind energy and required space heating and mismatches can be reduced by using simple water tanks as heat storages. A traditional Danish induction generator wind turbine has been erected on the island of Nólsoy to produce energy for space heating. The system is designed as a stand-alone Microgrid which needs its own control of frequency and voltage. A micro-controller is used to control frequency by matching load (heaters) to generated power and to produce the correct reactive power and voltage by switched capacitors. One challenge is the startup procedure at high winds speeds when nominal speed tend to be reached before voltage builds up by the self-excitation process. This paper reports the initial test and adaptation of the control system.
I E E E Transactions on Sustainable Energy, 2014, Vol 5, Issue 4, p. 1361-1366
Induction generator; Microgrid; Self-excitation; Space heating; Wind Energy