1 Section of Chemistry, The Faculty of Engineering and Science, Aalborg University, VBN2 Supramolekular Chemistry, The Faculty of Engineering and Science, Aalborg University, VBN3 Department of Chemistry and Bioscience, The Faculty of Engineering and Science, Aalborg University, VBN4 The Faculty of Engineering and Science (ENG), Aalborg University, VBN5 School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin6 Qingdao University of Science and Technology, School of Polymer Science and Engineering
Different melt pre-shear conditions were applied to isotactic poly-1-butene (iP-1-B) and the effect on the crystallization behaviors and the crystalline structure transitions of iP-1-B were investigated. The polarized optical microscope observations during isothermal crystallization process revealed that the applied melt pre-shear within the experimental range could enhance the nucleation of crystal II and accelerate the diameter growth of the formed spherulites. If the applied melt pre-shear rate was large enough, Shish-Kebabs structure could be formed. After the isothermal crystallization process, the following crystal transition from form II to form I of iP-1-B at room temperature was characterized by X-ray diffraction. It was found that the applied melt pre-shear within the experimental range seemed to have no influence on the crystal transition, implying no strong enough internal stress was formed in the melt pre-sheared iP-1-B samples. Further investigations were applied with synchrotron radiation instruments. Wide angle X-ray scattering (WAXS) and small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) after the crystal transition showed that the applied melt pre-shear could result in orientated fine crystalline structures. With the melt pre-shear rate increasing, the lattice spaces of the crystallites decreased and the long period, L, and the amorphous layer thickness, La, along the equator direction increased slightly, but L and La along the meridian direction was not affected by melt pre-shear flow. Though the orientated crystalline structures existed in the iP-1-B samples, no accelerating effect on crystal transition from II to I was found. Importantly, the final crystalline structures of iP-1-B in form I was found tunable under different melt pre-shear conditions, even though there was an additional crystal transition process after the isothermal crystallization process of iP-1-B.
Journal of Polymer Research, 2014, Vol 21, Issue 9