The surface functionalization of fatty acid vesicles will allow their use as nanoreactors for complex chemistry. In this report, the tethering of several DNA conjugates to decanoic acid vesicles for molecular recognition and synthetic purposes was explored. Due to the highly dynamic nature of these structures, only one novel bola-amphiphile DNA conjugate could interact efficiently with or spontaneously pierce into the vesicle bilayers without jeopardizing their self-assembly or stability. This molecule was synthesized via a Cu(I)-catalyzed [3 + 2] azide-alkyne cycloaddition (click reaction), and consists of a single hydrocarbon chain of 20 carbons having on one end a triazole group linked to the S'-phosphate of the nucleic acid and on the other side a hydroxyl-group. Its insertion was so effective that a fluorescent label on the DNA complementary to the conjugate could be used to visualize fatty acid structures.
Bioconjugate Chemistry, 2014, Vol 25, Issue 9, p. 1678-1688