1 Department of Business and Management, The Faculty of Social Sciences, Aalborg University, VBN2 Innovation, Knowledge, and Economic Dynamics, The Faculty of Social Sciences, Aalborg University, VBN3 The Faculty of Social Sciences, Aalborg University, VBN4 Entrepreneurship and Organizational Behavior, The Faculty of Social Sciences, Aalborg University, VBN
Composition, Structure and Performance of Entrepreneurial Pairs
The goal of this paper is to study the relation between diversity and the survival and growth of new ventures. In our opinion, existing studies on this topic are too ambitious since they attempt to create an overall unidi- rectional diversity measure for a team thereby ignoring the complexity of dimensionality that exist with larger teams of dierent sizes. This study will therefore focus on a sub sample of entrepreneurial teams, i.e. entrepreneurial pairs, where we attempt to show that diversity has a strong directional fea- ture, i.e. it matters who has which demographic characteristic rather it is a unidirectional property. These entrepreneurial pairs and their demographic characteristics will be identied by using the Danish Linked Employer Em- ployee Database, which provides detailed rm and personal information. Preliminary results of the analyses indicate that it indeed matters who has which demographic characteristic in how the diversity aects performance. Older founders generally have lower employment growth. Pairs of males perform better than pairs of females. Education level has no clear eect on either survival or growth. For education type, however, we observe that businesses do well with STEM as primary founder and Business second, but perform poorly when Business is the primary founder and STEM second. Industry experience helps survival but not growth. Family rms have lower employment growth (especially when founded with a mother or spouse).
European Management Review, 2014, Vol 11, Issue 2, p. 117-138