1 Department of Clinical Medicine, Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Københavns Universitet2 unknown3 Department of Clinical Medicine, Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Københavns Universitet
a systematic review and meta-analysis
AIMS: To systematically review and perform a meta-analysis of the diagnostic accuracy and post-test outcomes of conventional exercise electrocardiography (XECG) and single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) compared with coronary computed tomography angiography (coronary CTA) in patients suspected of stable coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS AND RESULTS: We systematically searched for studies published from January 2002 to February 2013 examining the diagnostic accuracy (defined as at least ≥50% luminal obstruction on invasive coronary angiography) and outcomes of coronary CTA (≥16 slice) in comparison with XECG and SPECT. The search revealed 11 eligible studies (N = 1575) comparing the diagnostic accuracy and 7 studies (N = 216.603) the outcomes of coronary CTA vs. XECG or/and SPECT. The per-patient sensitivity [95% confidence interval (95% CI)] to identify significant CAD was 98% (93-99%) for coronary CTA vs. 67% (54-78%) (P < 0.001) for XECG and 99% (96-100%) vs. 73% (59-83%) (P = 0.001) for SPECT. The specificity (95% CI) of coronary CTA was 82% (63-93%) vs. 46% (30-64%) (P < 0.001) for XECG and 71% (60-80%) vs. 48% (31-64%) (P = 0.14) for SPECT. The odds ratio (OR) of downstream test utilization (DTU) for coronary CTA vs. XECG/SPECT was 1.38 (1.33-1.43, P < 0.001), for revascularization 2.63 (2.50-2.77, P < 0.001), for non-fatal myocardial infarction 0.53 (0.39-0.72, P < 0.001), and for all-cause mortality 1.01 (0.87-1.18, P = 0.87). CONCLUSION: The up-front diagnostic performance of coronary CTA is higher than of XECG and SPECT. When compared with XECG/SPECT testing, coronary CTA testing is associated with increased DTU and coronary revascularization.
European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging, 2014, Vol 15, Issue 9, p. 961-971