1 Administration, Department of Computer Science, Faculty of Science, Københavns Universitet2 The HCC Section, Department of Computer Science, Faculty of Science, Københavns Universitet3 INRIA4 University of Calgary5 University of Calgary
investigating the use of tangible tokens
The accessibility of infovis authoring tools to a wide audience has been identified as a major research challenge. A key task in the authoring process is the development of visual mappings. While the infovis community has long been deeply interested in finding effective visual mappings, comparatively little attention has been placed on how people construct visual mappings. In this paper, we present the results of a study designed to shed light on how people transform data into visual representations. We asked people to create, update and explain their own information visualizations using only tangible building blocks. We learned that all participants, most of whom had little experience in visualization authoring, were readily able to create and talk about their own visualizations. Based on our observations, we discuss participants’ actions during the development of their visual representations and during their analytic activities. We conclude by suggesting implications for tool design to enable broader support for infovis authoring.
I E E E Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, 2014, Vol 20, Issue 12, p. 2102-2111
The Faculty of Science; Constructive visualization; Physical visualization; Dynamic visualization; Empirical study; Token; Visualization authoring; Information visualization; Visual mapping