Investigation of taxa of the family <i>Pasteurellaceae</i> isolated from Syrian and European hamsters and proposal of <i>Mesocricetibacter intestinalis</i> gen. nov., sp. nov. and <i>Cricetibacter osteomyelitidis</i> gen. nov., sp. nov
1 Veterinary Clinical Microbiology, Department of Veterinary Disease Biology, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Københavns Universitet2 German Cancer Research Centre (DKFZ)3 Section of Microbiology, Department of Veterinary Disease Biology, Faculty of Life Sciences, Københavns Universitet4 Veterinary Clinical Microbiology, Department of Veterinary Disease Biology, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Københavns Universitet5 Section of Microbiology, Department of Veterinary Disease Biology, Faculty of Life Sciences, Københavns Universitet
Eleven strains from hamster of Bisgaard taxa 23 and 24, also referred to as Krause's groups 2 and 1, respectively, were investigated by a polyphasic approach including data published previously. Strains showed small, regular and circular colonies with smooth and shiny appearance, typical of members of the family Pasteurellaceae. The strains formed two monophyletic groups based on 16S rRNA gene sequence comparison to other members of the family Pasteurellaceae. Partial rpoB sequencing as well as published data on DNA-DNA hybridization showed high genotypic relationships within both groups. Menaquinone 7 (MK7) was found in strains of both groups as well as an unknown ubiquinone with shorter chain length than previously reported for any other member of the family Pasteurellaceae. A new genus with one species, Mesocricetibacter intestinalis gen. nov., sp. nov., is proposed to accommodate members of taxon 24 of Bisgaard whereas members of taxon 23 of Bisgaard are proposed to represent Cricetibacter osteomyelitidis gen. nov., sp. nov. Major fatty acids of type strains of type species of both genera are C(14:0), C(14:0) 3-OH/iso-C(16:1) I, C(16:1)ω7c and C(16:0). The two genera are clearly separated by phenotype from each other and from existing genera of the family Pasteurellaceae. The type strain of Mesocricetibacter intestinalis is HIM 933/7(T) ( =Kunstyr 246/85(T) =CCUG 28030(T) =DSM 28403(T)) while the type strain of Cricetibacter osteomyelitidis is HIM943/7(T) ( =Kunstyr 507/85(T) =CCUG 36451(T) =DSM 28404(T)).
International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 2014, Vol 64, Issue Pt 11, p. 3636-3643