1 Department of Clinical Medicine, Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Københavns Universitet2 unknown3 Department of Clinical Medicine, Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Københavns Universitet
a regional cohort study
BACKGROUND: Mesh repair reduces the risk of reoperation for recurrence in patients with primary ventral hernias. However, reoperation for recurrence underestimates total recurrence (reoperation + clinical) and mesh reinforcement may induce chronic pain. This study investigated the total recurrence and risk of chronic pain in small primary ventral hernias. METHODS: A cohort study with questionnaire and clinical follow-up was conducted. Patients with primary, elective, open mesh or sutured repair for a small umbilical or epigastric hernia (≤ 2 cm) were included. RESULTS: One thousand three hundred thirteen patients completed the questionnaire. The total cumulated recurrence rate after primary repair was 10% for mesh repair and 21% for sutured repair (P = .001). The incidence of chronic pain was 6% after mesh repair and 5% after sutured repair (P = .711). CONCLUSIONS: Mesh repair halved long-term risk of recurrence after repair for small ventral hernias without increased risk of chronic pain.
American Journal of Surgery, 2015, Vol 209, Issue 4, p. 725-732
Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Chronic Pain; Cohort Studies; Female; Hernia, Umbilical; Hernia, Ventral; Herniorrhaphy; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Recurrence; Risk Assessment; Surveys and Questionnaires; Time Factors; Young Adult