BACKGROUND: Mesh repair reduces the risk of reoperation for recurrence in patients with primary ventral hernias. However, reoperation for recurrence underestimates total recurrence (reoperation + clinical) and mesh reinforcement may induce chronic pain. This study investigated the total recurrence and risk of chronic pain in small primary ventral hernias. METHODS: A cohort study with questionnaire and clinical follow-up was conducted. Patients with primary, elective, open mesh or sutured repair for a small umbilical or epigastric hernia (≤ 2 cm) were included. RESULTS: One thousand three hundred thirteen patients completed the questionnaire. The total cumulated recurrence rate after primary repair was 10% for mesh repair and 21% for sutured repair (P = .001). The incidence of chronic pain was 6% after mesh repair and 5% after sutured repair (P = .711). CONCLUSIONS: Mesh repair halved long-term risk of recurrence after repair for small ventral hernias without increased risk of chronic pain.
American Journal of Surgery, 2015, Vol 209, Issue 4, p. 725-732
Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Chronic Pain; Cohort Studies; Female; Hernia, Umbilical; Hernia, Ventral; Herniorrhaphy; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Recurrence; Risk Assessment; Surveys and Questionnaires; Time Factors; Young Adult; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't